THE NISGS 04 (2015)

The fundamental content of the new world global geostrategic context is not a situation of shared world prosperity or universal peace, but a situation of "world scheduled disorder" and "war of redemptive claims." This is a new era of "re-colonization" commanding the destruction of stato-national configurations in favor of the various sub national forms of solidarity (religious, ethnic, tribal, linguistic, etc.) for revival purposes of monopoly rents. Moreover, the "cold war" logic still remains in undertaking boundaries drawing, which preludes a new division of African and Middle Eastern territories.

Algeria, in the regional geostrategic plan, is at the core of four geopolitical entities: the Maghreb, the Interval Middle East North Africa (MENA), the Mediterranean Sea and the Sahel-Saharan Zone. Algeria, situated, in this way, on a strategic three continents confluence, is an unmissable party involved in the region’s stability. It is a country that enjoys significant characteristics to unite, within it, the following ethnic and cultural dimensions: Berber, Muslim, North African, Arab, African and Mediterranean. This plural appearance allows it to be active in many regional and international organizations (AMU, ITO, AU, NEPAD, 5 + 5, etc.) face to new challenges and hybrid threats where cooperation and regional coordination are a need for States. In North Africa, the Sahel and the Mediterranean Sea, the security of someone is intimately linked to that of the other one.

The United States, France and other Western powers are involved in the region course of events, the one side’s interests facing other sides. Besides Western parties, three other factors also intervene in the geostrategic interval of Algeria: Morocco, Qatar and Saudi Arabia, whose the impacts of their unfounded strategies on Western interests represent a real threat to the country. From now one, these hybrid threats: terrorism and organized criminal activities are the two facets of the same danger which can destabilize a state. The exacerbation of tribal and religious pressure, in a regional rivalry and foreign interference, cause a long period of instability risk. Algeria, in this context, is facing a period of uncertainty and instability.